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Understanding Common Causes Of Foot Pain

Many tennis players and people in general complain about various forms of pain in their feet. Whether this pain be localized in the heel, the arch, the top of the foot, or the toe, the fact is that these problems can not only keep one off the court, but lead to life-changing damage. So we are going to cover a few of the most common causes of foot pain and make sure to listen to your body.

Probably the most common source of heel pain is actually associated with the tissue ligament that connects the heel bone to the toes. This ligament is called the plantar fascia and supports the arch of the foot. If you experience a strain, the plantar fascia tends to become weak, swollen, and inflamed. The result is that the bottom of the foot and the heel especially begins to hurt when you stand or walk.

Plantar Fasciitis and Heel Spurs

Another cause of heel pain, though not quite as common, is the formation of a heel spur. This is essentially an abnormal type of bone growth on the bottom front side of the heel bone. It typically occurs at the place where the plantar fascia attached to the bottom of the bone. This bone formation is actually made up of calcium deposits that form when the ligament pulls away from the heel. Most often associated with overuse or heavy stress placed on the plantar fascia.

Whether you are a hard worker on the court or just in life, tendonitis in the foot is a common problem. Another overuse injury, this one affects the posterior tibial tendon, which helps to hold the arch of the foot and prevents the foot from rolling inward. Those suffering from tendonitis will typically show an inflamed arch and pronounced flat foot. The nerves that surrounded the tendon will usually become inflamed, sending sharp waves of pain, especially when the person stands on their toes.

Tendonitis
High Instep
While not technically an injury, it is a personal trait that can lead to pain and further nerve damage if not taken care of. This stems from have a high instep, which actually means that the top of the foot sits higher than normal. The most typical result of this is pain in the upper part of the forefoot because pressure points begin hitting the top of the foot and pinching nerves in the area. Even worse is that the pressure points can actually pinch off blood vessels and primary veins.

The final source of pain we will talk about in this particular entry is what is referred to as tennis toe. This is the result of friction between the toenail and the shoe itself. The repeated sudden stopping action of tennis can force the toenail against the end of the shoe, causing bleeding to occur under the nails. This blood is typically trapped beneath the nail, causing pressure on nerve endings and resulting in the blue-black color and sometimes severe pain.
Tennis Toe
While all of these conditions are painful, many of them are completely avoidable by using proper equipment and taking necessary precautions. Simple things such as stretching and wearing appropriately fitting shoes will do wonders for your feet, your game, and your overall health. Also important to remember is that if you do begin to experience any of these things, please understand that continuing to ignore the symptoms and keep playing will only escalate the pain in the future.

Always listen to your own body and recognize that rest can do wonders for your health.