Shoe Lacing Techniques for an Optimal Fit
As somebody who has competed in a variety of sports over the years, I’ll admit that I always took my footwear for granted. If the shoes fit relatively well, had decent traction, and didn’t get in the way of my performance, they were good enough for me. Basically, I was never the type to research top performance gear or find an ideal fit. I just wanted to play. That said, I wish I would have known about the potential returns that can be made by simply lacing up your shoes in a different way. Based on the unique needs of your foot, various lacing techniques can relieve pressure in certain areas, and create support in others. This translates to fewer injuries and greater comfort. If any of your shoes don’t fit quite right, I highly encourage you to learn more.
The first thing that you’ll need to do is unlace your shoe all the way to the base, as seen here with the K-Swiss Men’s Knitshot Tennis Shoe (with a Neon New Balance Shoelace). It is important to keep in mind how your laces begin near the toe because many shoes are different. Simply take a look at how the stock laces are strung, and either leave them, or mimic them with new laces. Once this is complete, you’re ready to create your own custom shoelace pattern.
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Individuals with high arches generally experience quite a bit of discomfort through their instep because of pressure from the laces. This lacing technique (volume lacing) opens up the middle of the lace pattern in order to alleviate some of this pressure. The shoe will still remain secure around your toes, the balls of your feet, and your heel.
All you need to do to create this pattern is thread the laces vertically when you reach the spot in your shoe that places pressure on your foot (as opposed to across). Once beyond this area, continue the lacing pattern as normal.
If you have a wide forefoot, you likely experience discomfort on the sides of your feet due to your shoes feeling too narrow. This lacing technique (forefoot volume lacing) allows the shoe to widen itself naturally. This means that you will no longer need to break in your shoes over a long period of time.
To create this pattern, string the laces vertically near the forefoot, and then cross them as normal at the top. Depending on your foot size, you may need to try a couple of variations to find a good balance between looseness and stability. The shoe can feel less secure if you allow it to remain more open than it needs to be.
If you feel your foot move forward and backward in your shoe, and never quite find a solid sticking point, then this lacing pattern works wonders (I say this from personal experience). Also known as “lock lacing”, it will help secure your heel, which translates to less overall foot slippage.
To lace your shoe this way, simply string it up as normal, but return the laces down a notch to create a double thread at the top. This can make the shoe difficult to put on and take off, so be aware of how you laced it for easier tightening and loosening as needed.
“Midfoot lock lacing” is ideal for those who have a shallow instep (flat feet). Essentially, it will create natural support through the instep by pulling the middle of the shoe in and up. An added benefit is reduced lateral shoe movement. Even if you do not have flat feel, this method can be applied in sports that require a great deal of side-to-side motion (like tennis).
To create this lacing pattern, you simply need to backtrack a notch in the middle of the shoe to create a double-threaded area, and then continue up the shoe as normal.
Many lacing patterns can be combined to create a better-fitting shoe based off of your individual requirements. The most common combination, however, is that of the two “lock lacing” techniques mentioned above (one for the heel, and the other for the midfoot). This marriage is perfect when your shoe feels too big. You will receive the same benefits as above, so expect a more secure heel, and greater support in the midfoot. This lacing pattern is also popular in sports that require a lot of lateral movement.
To implement this pattern, you must create two overlapped areas – one in the midfoot, and the other at the top. Similar to the other lock lacing techniques, this method may make the shoe difficult to put on and take off, so be aware of how you thread it in order to easily tighten and loosen it as required.
If you have naturally wide feet, or if your shoe simply feels too narrow or tight, then this lacing pattern will help to reduce stress along the sides of your feet. In essence, the parallel pattern will allow your shoe’s upper to widen, and naturally enable increased flexibility. Likewise, if the pattern is threaded more loosely than it needs to be, the shoe may move in ways that are problematic. Finding a proper balance based off of your foot size is key.
To create this pattern, you will need to string the laces vertically and horizontally in unison. As a result, each hole will be threaded twice.
If you ever wind up with black toenails or general toe pain following a workout, training session, or match, then try out this lacing technique. The single diagonal thread works to lift the top/front of your shoe off of your toes. This reduces friction, and helps to prevent your toes from sliding forward. Depending on your needs, the diagonal thread can target the inside or outside of your shoe to provide relief for your big toe or smaller toes, respectively.
When stringing this pattern, one end of your lace will need to be longer than the other. While the longer end will wrap up the entire length of the shoe, the shorter end will go straight from the bottom hole to the top hole in a diagonal fashion.
For More on Tennis Shoes
To learn more about tennis shoes, we encourage you to check out some of our other informational blogs: